This whole universe is Brahman. Hari!  Each Khanda has varying number of verses. , The Chandogya Upanishad, in sections 7.16 through 7.26 presents a series of connected statements, as follows. WG Archer (2004), The Loves of Krishna in Indian Painting and Poetry, Dover, for example, verse 4.9.2 states: ब्रह्मविदिव वै सोम्य भासि को नु त्वानुशशासेत्यन्ये मनुष्येभ्य इति ह प्रतिजज्ञे. Herein, the first chapter constitutes a brilliant study of the Panchagni-Vidya and the VaishvanaraVidya sections - occurring in the fifth chapter of the original text. Chapter 5 .  The gods thereafter revered the Udgitha as Manas (mind), but the demons afflicted it and therefore one imagines both what is worth imagining and what is not worth imagining, because mind is afflicted with good and evil. Summary: This is the English translation of the Chandogya-upanishad, including a commentary based on Swami Lokeswarananda’s weekly discourses; incorporating extracts from Shankara’s bhasya.The Chandogya Upanishad is a major Hindu philosophical text incorporated in the Sama Veda, and dealing with meditation and Brahman.  One must adore and revere Memory as the manifestation of Brahman, states the text. Chapter Three: Sanatkumara's Instructions on Bhuma-Vidya Section 15: Life.  Paul Deussen notes that this story in the Upanishad, is strange and out of place with its riddles. The eight chapter of the Chandogya Upanishad opens by declaring the body one is born with as the "city of Brahman", and in it is a palace that is special because the entire universe is contained within it. , Upakosala has a conversation with sacrificial fires, which inform him that Brahman is life, Brahman is joy and bliss, Brahman is infinity, and the means to Brahman is not through depressing, hard penance. That is Atman (Soul).  These coarse becomes waste, the medium builds the body or finest essence nourishes the mind. Chapter 6 The Mandukya, Taittiriya and Chandogya Upanishads 6.1 The Mandukya Upanishad The Upanishad is named after the sage Mandukya who taught about the four states of consciousness, namely, waking, dreaming, deep sleep and fourth, known as turiya, which is the highest. That is Reality. Various forms of Meditation and Values are discussed in the first five chapters.  The volume 3.13 of verses, goes on to offer proof in verse 3.13.8 that the highest reality is inside man, by stating that body is warm and this warmth must have an underlying hidden principle manifestation of the Brahman. , The section 3.17 of Chandogya Upanishad describes life as a celebration of a Soma-festival, whose dakshina (gifts, payment) is moral conduct and ethical precepts that includes non-violence, truthfulness, non-hypocrisy and charity unto others, as well as simple introspective life.  The boy, eager for knowledge, goes to the sage Haridrumata Gautama, requesting the sage's permission to live in his school for Brahmacharya. Various forms of Meditation and Values are discussed in the first five chapters. The day and daily life of a human being is mapped to the seven-fold structure in volumes 2.9 and 2.10 of the Upanishad.  To say that there is no root, no core is incorrect, because "nothing is without a root cause", assert verses 6.8.3 through 6.8.5 of the Upanishad.  Higher than Heat, states section 7.12 of the Upanishad, is Ākāsa (आकाश, space, ether) because it is Space where the sun, moon, stars and Heat reside. by Swami Lokeswarananda | 165,421 words | ISBN-10: 8185843910 | ISBN-13: 9788185843919. Chandogya Upanishad is associated with Sama Veda.It is ranked ninth in the Muktika canon of hundred and eight Upanishadas.The 14th Khanda of Chapter Five of Chandogya Upanishad states about the Prana of the Vaisvanara Self. Verily he becomes the eldest and greatest who knows the Eldest and Greatest (jesṭa-sresṭha.) The winds blow, that is Hinkāra Heat, food and water nourish all living beings, regardless of the route they are born.  The section thus states all external forms of rituals are equivalently achievable internally when someone becomes a student of sacred knowledge and seeks to know the Brahman-Atman. स्तप एव द्वितीयो ब्रह्मचार्याचार्यकुलवासी तृतीयो Prajapati states, "he by whose departure, the body is worst off, is the one". , Klaus Witz structurally divides the Chandogya Upanishad into three natural groups. Om, let us drink!  "By strength does the world stand", states verse 7.8.1 of Chandogya Upanishad.  This, states Paul Deussen, is with Satapatha Brahmana 10.6.3, perhaps the oldest passage in which the basic premises of the Vedanta philosophy are fully expressed, namely – Atman (Soul, Self inside man) exists, the Brahman is identical with Atman, God is inside man. The essence of all beings is the earth, the essence of the earth is water, the essence of water the plants, the essence of plants man, the essence of man speech, the essence of speech the Rig-veda, the essence of the Rig-veda the Sama-veda, the essence of the Sama-veda the udgitha (which is Om). Several major Bhasyas (reviews, commentaries) on Chandogya Upanishad have been written by Sanskrit scholars of ancient and medieval India.  The Sun is described as the honeycomb laden with glowing light of honey. ... Chapter 3; Panchadashi of Vidyaranya – Chapter 4; Panchadashi of Vidyaranya – Chapter 7; Sruti Sara Samuddharana of Totakacharya; Vishnu Sahasranama; , The chronology and authorship of Chandogya Upanishad, along with Brihadaranyaka and Kaushitaki Upanishads, is further complicated because they are compiled anthologies of literature that must have existed as independent texts before they became part of these Upanishads. Since this whole subject is quite exhaustive, we will touch here only a small part comprising of a few ahutis generally offered in the fire of Havan. when one understands this, one loves the Soul, delights in the Soul, revels in the Soul, rejoices in the Soul,  The debaters summarize their discussion as. 6. , The tenth through twelfth volumes of the first Prapathaka of Chandogya Upanishad describe a legend about priests and it criticizes how they go about reciting verses and singing hymns without any idea what they mean or the divine principle they signify. Chandogya Upanishad is associated with Sama Veda.It is ranked ninth in the Muktika canon of hundred and eight Upanishadas.The 14th Khanda of Chapter Five of Chandogya Upanishad states about the Prana of the Vaisvanara Self. , The verses 1.12.1 through 1.12.5 describe a convoy of dogs who appear before Vaka Dalbhya (literally, sage who murmurs and hums), who was busy in a quiet place repeating Veda.  The four asramas are: Brahmacharya (student), Grihastha (householder), Vanaprastha (retired) and Sannyasa (renunciation). Deussen Paul, Sixty Upanishads of the Veda, Volume 1, Motilal Banarsidass. Secondly, verse 3.17.6 mentions Krishna Devakiputra (Sanskrit: कृष्णाय देवकीपुत्रा) as a student of sage Ghora Angirasa.  The path of the fathers, in after-life, is for those who live a life of rituals, sacrifices, social service and charity – these enter heaven, but stay there in proportion to their merit in their just completed life, then they return to earth to be born as rice, herbs, trees, sesame, beans, animals or human beings depending on their conduct in past life. Hari Om! However, this is not unusual, as musical instruments are also mentioned in other Upanishads, such as the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad's section 5.10 and in the Katha Upanishad's section 1.15; See E Roer. This edition includes the Sanskrit t... wisdomlib - the greatest source of ancient and modern knowledge; Like what you read? comment. Chhandogya Upanishad. The first chapter contains thirteen khandas.  Then, Prana (breath, life-principle) prepares to leave, and all of them insist that he stay.  Olivelle disagrees however, and states that even the explicit use of the term asrama or the mention of the "three branches of dharma" in section 2.23 of Chandogya Upanishad does not necessarily indicate that the asrama system was meant. Patrick Olivelle (1993), The Āśrama System: The History and Hermeneutics of a Religious Institution, Oxford University Press. All … The person that is seen in the eye, that is the Atman (Soul, Self). Together with the Jaiminiya Upanishad Brahmana and the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad it ranks among the oldest Upanishads, dating to the Vedic Brahmana period (probably before mid-first millennium BCE). Additionally, supplements were likely attached to various volumes in a different age. The Brihadaranyaka Upanishad has six adhyayas (chapters) in total. (2008), in Encyclopedia of Violence, Peace, & Conflict (Second Edition). , In the verses of volume 3, Uddalaka asserts that life emerges through three routes: an egg, direct birth of a living being, and as life sprouting from seeds. That is truth. , The story is notable for declaring that the mark of a student of Brahman is not parentage, but honesty.  Satyakama then learns from these creatures that forms of Brahman is in all cardinal directions (north, south, east, west), world-bodies (earth, atmosphere, sky and ocean), sources of light (fire, sun, moon, lightning), and in man (breath, eye, ear and mind). V-i-1: Om, Verily, he who knows the eldest and the best, surely becomes the eldest and the best. , The Chandogya Upanishad in volume 6.9, states that all souls are interconnected and one. 4. These reasons invoke three different contextual meanings of Saman, namely abundance of goodness or valuable (सामन), friendliness or respect (सम्मान), property goods or wealth (सामन्, also समान). One must adore and revere the Space as the Brahman. 447 & 448) (Sacred Books of the East Volume 1, the Upanishads Part I Page 93) Shwetashvatara Upanishad Chapter 6 verse 9 Narada says, he knows the Rig Veda, the Sama Veda, the Yajur Veda, the Atharva Veda, the epics and the history, the myths and the ancient stories, all rituals, grammar, etymology, astronomy, time keeping, mathematics, politics and ethics, warfare, principles of reasoning, divine lore, prayer lore, snake charming, ghosts lore and fine arts. , The two paths of after-life, states the text, are Devayana – the path of the Devas (gods), and Pitryana – the path of the fathers. Translation 3: That which is this finest essence, that the whole world has as its self.  The name implies that the nature of the text relates to the patterns of structure, stress, rhythm and intonation in language, songs and chants. 3, page 467. This invisible and subtle essence is the Spirit of the whole universe. The 13th volume of the first chapter lists mystical meanings in the structure and sounds of a chant. Section I. He who Thinks understands Understanding, therefore one must desire to understand Thought (Mati, मति), 2. As part of the poetic and chants-focussed Samaveda, the broad unifying theme of the Upanishad is the importance of speech, language, song and chants to man's quest for knowledge and salvation, to metaphysical premises and questions, as well as to rituals.  The volumes are a motley collection of stories and themes. Home > Divine Life > Scriptures > Brahma Vidya > The Upanishads > Essence of The Chandogya Upanishad: Essence of the Chhandogya Upanishad. In tranquility, let one worship It, as Tajjalan (that from which he came forth, as that into which he will be dissolved, as that in which he breathes).  The symbolic legend then presents conversation of Satyakama with a bull, a fire, a swan (Hamsa, हंस) and a diver bird (Madgu, मद्गु), which respectively are symbolism for Vayu, Agni, Āditya and Prāṇa. The Rik indeed is speech, Saman is breath, the udgitha is the syllable Om. The prana, indeed, is the oldest and greatest.  It is one of the most cited texts in later Bhasyas (reviews and commentaries) by scholars from the diverse schools of Hinduism.  The precise chronology of Chandogya Upanishad is uncertain, and it is variously dated to have been composed by the 8th to 6th century century BCE in India. , John Arapura states, "The Chandogya Upanishad sets forth a profound philosophy of language as chant, in a way that expresses the centrality of the Self and its non-duality". The three states and the fourth are explained through the mystic syllable Om. Prana, they acknowledge, empowers them all. Om is the Udgitha, the symbol of life-principle in man..  This volume is one of many sections that does not fit with the preceding text or text that follows.  There are differences between the versions of manuscript and across the ancient texts, particularly relating to reincarnation in different caste based on "satisfactory conduct" and "stinking conduct" in previous life, which states Deussen, may be a supplement inserted only into the Chandogya Upanishad later on. The inmost essence of all beings is same, the whole world is One Truth, One Reality, One Soul. , Uddalaka states in volume 1 of chapter 6 of the Upanishad, that the essence of clay, gold, copper and iron each can be understood by studying a pure lump of clay, gold, copper and iron respectively.  Uddalaka states that it is difficult to comprehend that the universe was born from nothingness, and so he asserts that there was "one Sat only, without a second" in the beginning. The sage declares that the boy's honesty is the mark of a "Brāhmaṇa, true seeker of the knowledge of the Brahman".  This Brahman-Atman premise is more consciously and fully developed in section 3.14 of the Chandogya Upanishad. Consider supporting this website: Chandogya Upanishad (english Translation). Becomes stable discussed in the Chandogya Upanishad ( chapter 5 mantras 3-10 ) the... Attached to various volumes in a different age 1993 ), the universe, states the text its. Directions to Gandharas means the `` primary '' ( mukhya ) Upanishads Brahmana period about ninth to century... From? fable, found in many other Principal Upanishads, [ 117 ] describes a rivalry between eyes ears! 4.4 through 4.9 oldest chandogya upanishad chapter 5 greatest of Violence, Peace, & Conflict ( second edition ) people... 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