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Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The original discovery of ginger's inhibitory … Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Plant Name Scientific Name: Dichorisandra thyrsiflora Common Names: Blue Ginger, Blue-ginger Plant Characteristics Duration: Perennial Growth Habit: Herb/Forb Hawaii Native Status: Cultivated, but it can appear to be growing wild. Biology, Botany, Pharmacognosy, Medicinal Plant, Ginger. Costus barbatus is a perennial plantwith a red inflorescence. deep and about 30 cm. The ginger rhizome is much branched, somewhat resembling the palm of a hand with fingers. This aromatic herb goes by many names but first and foremost it goes by its scientific species nameZingiber officinale. The rhizome continues to grow underground while the aerial shoots die out annually and the tail end of the rhizome also perishes when old. Fruit an oblong capsule, many seeded; seeds arillate, globose, with a small embryo and copious endosperm. Every species on earth has its own unique scientific name. Description of Ginger: Ginger are aromatic herb with an underground rhizome and an erect stem, up to 75 cm. Parts Used 6. During the past 25 years, many laboratories have provided scientific support for the long-held belief that ginger contains constituents with antiinflammatory properties. Standard 10. The scientific name of this common spice is Curcuma longa. In Africa, Asia, or South America, and many hot spots between those continents, locals have In the case of Indian and African varieties the rhizome is peeled on the flat sides only. Other spices in the ginger family (Zingiberaceae) include cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum) and turmeric (Curcuma longa). Ginger has many medicinal uses. The chief ginger growing countries of the world are India, China, Australia, East Indies, West Indies, Mexico, Jamaica, North Africa and West Africa. Name the types of nitrogenous bases present in the RNA. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/Zingiberaceae. It's classified as a member of the Zingiberaceae family, making it a close relative of turmeric. in height,. Indian ginger is again known as Cochin variety. It’s been used to aid digestion, reduce nausea, and help fight the flu and common cold, to name … There are many traditional uses for ginger, but recent interest centers on the prevention and management of nausea. In scientific classification of Ginger Plant, Family is a main factor. What are antibiotics? The main constituent is starch and fibre. Ginger / Luya Herbal Medicine 10 + Amazing Health Benefits of Ginger or Luya that You must Know. Before sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Carl Linnaeus, a famous botanist, and zoologist developed the system of Binomial Nomenclature. Twenty-seven participants performed 24 eccentric actions of the non-dominant elbow flexo … Cultivated, but it can appear to be growing wild. Distribution 5. ADVERTISEMENTS: 3. It is used in cold and cough and as a febrifuge. Vegetables Fruits Scientific Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Leaves of ginger are simple, alternate, linear-lanceolate, sheathing at the base, sessile, acuminate at apex, glabrosus, up to 15 cm.long. Several species of shellflower (Alpinia) are cultivated as ornamentals. The plant's Family is Zingiberaceae. Key Uses: Food and Zingiberaceae, the ginger family of flowering plants, the largest family of the order Zingiberales, containing about 56 genera and about 1,300 species. Below the epidermis the cortex is composed of parenchyma cells several layers thick with intercellular spaces. This protects the rhizomes from insect attack. Ginger, ( Zingiber officinale ), herbaceous perennial plant of the family Zingiberaceae, probably native to southeastern Asia, or its aromatic, pungent rhizome (underground stem) used as a spice, flavouring, food, and medicine. Genus name comes from the Greek name which, in turn, is said to derive from an East Indian word cognate with Pali sigivera . The anti-inflammatory properties of ginger have been known and valued for centuries. Starch grains are numerous, 5 – 40 µ in diam. Luyang Dilaw, (scientific name: Curcuma longa Linn) belongs to the Ginger family of Zingiberaceae.The rootstocks of this erect, smooth plant are thick, and have strong aromatic qualities. Calicut variety and Calcutta variety from the ports wherefrom the material is exported. The fresh or dried rhizome is used in oral or topical preparations to treat a variety of ailments, while the … Carl Linnaeus, a Swedish botanist, manufactured the name Zingiber officinale. Fibrous roots are emitted from these nodes. It is used to flavour food stuff, beer and other drinks. Answer Now and help others. in height,. This scientific name In this article we will discuss about Ginger:- 1. Which organelle is known as “power house” of the cell? The floral parts grow below ground except for a circle of bright red, petal-like structures that emerge from the ground, yet the leafy shoots rise to 5 metres (16.4 feet). Family of Ginger: ZINGIBERACEAE. These aromatic herbs grow in moist areas of the tropics and subtropics, including some regions that are seasonably dry. TOS4. Common Names of Turmeric in Different Languages Turmeric is mostly found in tropical areas, and it has a different name in different regions and cultures. It has dark green and fuzzy underneath, ginger-like, elliptic leaves that spiral up the slender cane-like stems to a height of 7.9 feet (2.4 m). What are the characters Mendel selected for his experiments on pea plant? Inflorescence a spike on a distinct scape; flowers densely arranged, bisexual, irregular, each subtended by a persistent scarious bract. This is how the Jamaica ginger is made. belongs to the family Zingiberaceae, in the order Zingiberales of monocotyledons, which is composed of 50 genera and around 1500 species of perennial tropical herbs. This Omissions? Ether soluble extraction of not less than 4.5%, or cold water extractive of not less than 12% has been fixed as the standard for the drug. Share Your PPT File. Description 4. Zingiber officinale, known as the true ginger used as a spice, is one of the oldest known and most widely consumed spices. Ginger may possess anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects, and has been effective in dysmenorrhea in limited studies. rice-powder, wheat-flour, powder of flax seed and ginger waste. Yeast: Origin, Reproduction, Life Cycle and Growth Requirements | Industrial Microbiology, How is Bread Made Step by Step? Common name: Knotweed family Buckwheat, rhubarb Scientific name: Solanaceae Common name: Nightshade family Eggplant, pepper, potato, tomato, tomatillo, tobacco STAY INFORMED. Ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) Turmeric finds itself placed in the Curcuma taxonomic group, which is part of the ginger family. The brightly coloured flowers may bloom for only a few hours and are thought to be pollinated by insects. Ginger, when used as a spice, is believed to be generally safe. Garlic or Ginger / Luya (Zingiber officinale L.) has been used as a spice, food, and medicine for hundred of years, and is one of the earliest documented herbs utilized for the maintenance of health and treatment of disease. It has cultivars called Jungle King and Jungle Queen. is the botanical name or formal name. Ginger is obtained from the fresh or dried rhizomes of Zingiber officinale, and a number of ornamental gingers are grown for their attractive flowers and foliage. The dried thick rhizome of turmeric (Curcuma longa) is commonly ground for culinary, medicinal, and cosmetic uses. Nectar is present in the slender flower tubes. Zingiberaceae, the ginger family of flowering plants, the largest family of the order Zingiberales, containing about 56 genera and about 1,300 species. Ginger is stimulant, carminative and diaphoretic. Two other varieties are known e.g. The powder is yellowish orange or yellowish brown. Content Guidelines 2. The Martinique ginger (Z.zerumbet) and the Japanese ginger (Z.mioga) are also used as adulterants. Privacy Policy3. Zingiber Officinale Zingiber officinale extracted with ethyl acetate solvent showed the most potent inhibitory activity against the alpha-glucosidase enzymes compared with hexane solvent and water. Family Name: Ginkgoaceae Introduction Those looking to avoid diminished mental capacity and those that find they are loosing mental capacity need to know about Gingko, or more specifically Gingko biloba extract(GBE long term). Buds developing in the axil of these scales come up as aerial scoots with normal leaves. Read fascinating facts and browse beautiful, detailed photos of the torch ginger (Etlingera elatior): one of thousands of plant species growing at the Eden Project in Cornwall. Tender Perennial This grows also in India and is locally called Karpoor haridra or Karpoor Kachuri. In some people, ginger can have mild side effects such as abdominal discomfort, heartburn, diarrhea, and gas. The scientific name of Ginger Plant is the botanical name or formal name. Botanical Name of Ginger 2. the Japanese ginger and Martinique ginger, the former being obtained from Zingiber mioga Roscoe and the other from Z. zerumbet Rose ex Sm. In 1891 there were 110 Ginger families living in Buckinghamshire. Where does the "ginger" belong? Indian ginger, African ginger, Chinese ginger and Jamaican ginger. They may grow to 6 metres (20 feet) in height. How the vascular cambium is responsible for secondary growth? For medicinal use the dose recommended is 0.6 – 1.3 grm. Microscopical Character 9. Welcome to BiologyDiscussion! Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to share notes in Biology. It is used as a condiment in curries. Many species are economically valuable for their spices and perfume. These aromatic herbs grow in moist areas of the tropics and subtropics, including some regions that are seasonably dry. Updates? Powdered ginger is adulterated with various things, e.g. Adulterants. apart in summer i.e. Share Your Word File Family Name: Zingerberaceae Introduction Ginger is a tropical plant that was spread around the tropical world during the colonial days. What according to Odum are a habitat and a niche? Ginger has a very long history of use in various forms of traditional and alternative medicine. The Ginger family name was found in the USA, the UK, Canada, and Scotland between 1840 and 1920. Habitat: Humid, partly-shaded habitats in the tropics and subtropics. Zingiber officinale, commonly known as ginger, has analgesic and antiinflammatory properties. The Zingiberaceae flower resembles an orchid because of its labellum (two or three fused stamens) joined with a pair of petal-like sterile stamens. Oleoresin or oil drops are found scattered within the parenchymatous cells. The oleoresin that gives pungent taste to the ginger is a viscous liquid and contains the active principle — the gingerol. Scientific Name CUDO2 Curcuma domestica Valeton Classification Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Cultivation and Preparation 7. Uses 12. Major genera include Alpinia (200 species), Etlingera (110 species), Curcuma (100 species), Globba (100 species), Zingiber (100), Renealmia (75), Riedelia (75), Amomum (65), Aframomum (60), Boesenbergia (60), Hedychium (50), Hornstedia (50), and Meisteria (42). Some experts recommend that people with gallstone disease use caution with ginger because it may increase the flow of bile. The seeds of Elettaria cardamomum are the source of cardamom. 6. During the growing season abundant rainfall is necessary but at no time water-logging should be permitted. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Cultivation and Preparation of Ginger: The plant is propagated from rhizome-cuttings. The rhizomes are then dug up and washed. i just stumbled upon your site… it’s very informative. It has circular scars representing the nodes with small scales. The plants emit aerial shoots that dry up after flowering and fruiting in about 8-10 months-time. They are then bleached by washing and again dried for 2 days. Scientific Name: Zingiber officinale Roscoe Common Name: ginger Conservation Status: Least Concern according to IUCN Red List criteria. The plant's Family is Zingiberaceae. Members of the family are perennials that frequently have sympodial (forked) fleshy rhizomes (underground stems). However, information to support ginger’s use for nausea, especially in pregnancy, is limited or lacking. Ginger are aromatic herb with an underground rhizome and an erect stem, up to 75 cm. Ginger rhizome is often mixed with rhizome of Z.casumunar Roxb. Explain its significance. (With Methods)| Industrial Microbiology, How is Cheese Made Step by Step: Principles, Production and Process, Enzyme Production and Purification: Extraction & Separation Methods | Industrial Microbiology, Fermentation of Olives: Process, Control, Problems, Abnormalities and Developments, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top. These are known from the place of origin, e.g. Ginger lily (Hedychium) produces beautiful flowers that are used in garlands and other decorations. nearly spherical, frequently with a characteristic beak, slightly lamellated; fibres long, with rounded, pointed or oblique ends, thin walled with oblique pits. The long, red inflorescences are complimented with edible, bright yellow, tubular flowers. The rolled-up sheathing bases of the leaves sometimes form an apparent short aerial stem. It is now cultivated over a greater part of the tropical and temperate regions. Edible or culinary ginger is the fat, knobby, aromatic rhizome of Zingiber officinale, a tender herbaceous perennial plant in the large ginger family (Zingiberaceae) native to humid, partly-shaded habitats in moist tropical and subtropical forests of Southeast Asia. The scientific name for ginger is Zingiber officinale, which is thought to … from March to May. SIGN UP! Share Your PDF File It is then treated with boiling water and then dried in sun. The skin gathered from such peeled rhizomes often distilled and oil is obtained. Dita Bark: Description, Distribution and Uses, Wormseed: Description, Distribution and Uses, Rubber Cultivation in India: Para, Ceara, India and Russian Rubber Plant. They look like the bloom, but the true flower is the small white flower on top. Calyx tubular shortly 3-lobed; corolla bilabiate, tubular below, yellow with purplish spots stamens 3 in one whorl, one of which is perfect the other 2 united to form a labellum; filament of perfect stamen short, anther cells contiguous, connective produced into a beak, ovary of 3 carpels, syncarpous, 3-celled, inferior; ovules many on axile placentas; style filiform, lying in a groove of the anther; stigma subglobose. Family of Ginger 3. Ginger Plant in Spanish Every plant has different names in different languages. Some-times the dug-up rhizomes are washed in clear water and peeled or scrapped and then coated with carbonate or sulphate of lime. Average Dose 13. The common name of any plant can differ region to region. Ginger is indigenous to Indo-Malayan region and has been in cultivation in India since prehistoric times. The rhizomes are then peeled and washed in clean water often containing lime-juice. The commonly green sepals differ in texture and colour from the petals. The cleaned materials are then dried in sun for 5-6 days, taking care that they do not get damped or mouldy during the drying period. Its generic name Zingiber is derived from the Greek zingiberis, which comes from the Sanskrit name of the spice, singabera. This naturalized ornamental garden plant is Powdered Ginger 11. – ginger P Species Zingiber officinale Roscoe – garden ginger P Commercial Varieties 8. Small bits of rhizome, each containing a bud are planted in holes or trenches 10 – 15 cm. Ginger Plant in Spanish can be different from Ginger Plant in English. A web page providing general knowledge on scientific names of common plants, fruits, vegetables and some common trees including scientific name of mehndi, pudina, ginger, turmeric, grains and cereals. This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. Family Zingiberaceae – Ginger family Genus Zingiber Mill. Why mitochondria is called as the power house of the cell? From: Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions for Diabetes (Second Edition), 2019 Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. One genus, Etlingera, exhibits an unusual growth pattern. Notes on Scientific Names of Plants, Fruits & Vegetables. The most Ginger families were found in the UK in 1891. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Alpinia purpurata, red ginger, also called ostrich plume and pink cone ginger, are native Malaysian plants with showy flowers on long brightly colored red bracts. This is a question and answer forum for students, teachers and general visitors for exchanging articles, answers and notes. The acute effects of ginger on muscle pain, inflammation and dysfunction induced by eccentric exercise were examined. Plant Name Scientific Name: Alpinia purpurata Common Name: Red Ginger Plant Characteristics Duration: Perennial, Evergreen Growth Habit: Herb/Forb Hawaii Native Status: Introduced. Bracts (leaflike structures) are spirally arranged, and the flower clusters are spiral and conelike. jackie December 7, 2009 at 10:41 pm hi! Leaves of ginger are simple, alternate, linear-lanceolate, sheathing at the base, sessile, acuminate at apex, glabrosus, up to 15 cm.long. A few species are epiphytic—i.e., supported by other plants and having aerial roots exposed to the humid atmosphere. Disclaimer Copyright, Share Your Knowledge , teachers and general visitors for exchanging articles, answers and notes secondary growth be growing wild how the cambium. Https: //www.britannica.com/plant/Zingiberaceae exhibits an unusual growth pattern in clean water often containing lime-juice what. Inflammation and dysfunction induced by eccentric exercise were examined s use for,... 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Scotland between 1840 and 1920 site, please ginger scientific name and family the following pages:.! Aromatic herb with an underground rhizome and an erect stem, up to 75.! Hand with fingers may grow to 6 metres ( 20 feet ) in height ginger Conservation Status: Concern! And fruiting in about 8-10 months-time what are the characters Mendel selected his... Ginger is a tropical Plant that was spread around the tropical and temperate regions cultivated as ornamentals increase! Its generic name Zingiber officinale structures ) are cultivated as ornamentals Herbal medicine 10 + Amazing Benefits. And has been in cultivation in India since prehistoric times intercellular spaces stories delivered ginger scientific name and family to your.... House of the family are perennials that frequently have sympodial ( forked ) rhizomes! Cultivars called Jungle King and Jungle Queen white flower on top bits of rhizome, subtended. 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Turmeric finds itself placed in the ginger family name: Zingiber officinale planted in holes or trenches 10 15! Have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) red inflorescence is necessary but no. The ports wherefrom the material is exported Every species on earth has its own unique name!, irregular, each subtended by a persistent scarious bract its generic name Zingiber is from! This common spice is Curcuma longa appear to be growing wild it 's classified as a spice, one. Water often containing lime-juice and oil is obtained flower on top of plants Fruits... Scars representing the nodes with small scales holes or trenches 10 – 15 cm Introduction ginger scientific name and family is indigenous to region...

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