is bougainville independent

Les Bougainvilliens réagiront-ils avec violence ? "People have been waiting for the opportunity to cast their vote for a long time. "That's a serious matter because Bougainville has chosen to be independent." Voters will have a fortnight to reach the polling places, which will close on 7 December. They wanted to make sure the issue of fighting for independence was put to rest. Bougainville referendum explainer article. Bougainville was finally granted limited autonomy after the war ended; although it’s still part of Papua New Guinea, it also has its own parliament, president, and legislative powers. Australia won’t push PNG to deliver independence to Bougainville. An independent Bougainville will face significant challenges and diverse choices. Bougainville island and its surroundings could become the world's next independent country (public domain UN map). However, if the outcome is a ‘no’ vote, or a ‘yes’ vote with a negative confirmation from the PNG parliament, then Bougainville may settle with the option of ‘greater autonomy’, which will allow Bougainville to continue its special autonomous status with greater powers as discussed earlier. Powered by, • Autonomous Region of Bougainville (English), • otonomos region bilong Bogenvil (Tok Pisin), Update on the Bougainville Independence Process. The Pacific provides a range of unconventional forms of intra-state relationships and hybrid constitutional arrangements. The republic failed to achieve any international recognition, and a settlement was reached in August 1976. On September 1, 1975, however, just … Bougainville, formerly an Australian colonial territory, has had a fractious relationship with Papua New Guinea since joining the country in 1976. Samedi, les 207 000 électeurs de Bougainville, un petit archipel de Papouasie–Nouvelle-Guinée, commenceront à voter lors d’un référendum d’indépendance. The referendum to take Bougainville a step closer to full independence finally looks set to start on 23 November, after the issuing of the writs late last month. The Bougainville War, or ‘Crisis’ as the locals understate it, claimed an estimated 15,000 to 20,000 lives between 1988 and 1998. Dr Anthony Regan, a constitutional lawyer at the Australian National University and a long-time advisor to the Autonomous Bougainville Government, said there was a lack of … The autonomous region of Bougainville has voted overwhelmingly in favour of becoming independent from Papua New Guinea, paving the way for the group of … Settled around 30,000 years ago, its name today comes from its first Western visitor, the French explorer Louis-Antoine de Bougainville, who arrived in 1768 (the flowering vine Bougainvillea is also named after him). It was organized by the independent Bougainville Referendum Commission, led by former Irish prime minister Bertie Ahern. Even without Bougainville, PNG would still have a population of 8 million people. Discussions about an independent Bougainville had been held as early as 1968. However, if the outcome is a ‘no’ vote, or a ‘yes’ vote with a negative confirmation from the PNG parliament, then Bougainville may settle with the option of ‘greater autonomy’, which will allow Bougainville to continue its special autonomous status with greater powers as discussed earlier. Bougainville poised to become … Major political unrest and environmental concerns over the island's mining operation have crippled efforts to effectively build up the economy through internal revenue generation. Moreover, noted McLeod, Bougainville is “right in the middle of a number of territories in the South Pacific. So five months later, is Bougainville a country now? "That's all.". Graphic of the Bougainvillean flag is in the public domain (, carefully-planned and agreed-upon referendum. 668 likes. Updated 0737 GMT (1537 HKT) December 11, 2019. Mr Toroama said he wanted to potentially see Bougainville become independent within five years. However, no vote was held. Spectators at the scene whooped and cheered, and a group of women broke into song, said Gordon Peake of the Australian National University, who attended the announcement. The process of becoming a separate nation could take years to achieve. Polling took place over two weeks with voters asked to choose between continued autonomy within PNG or becoming independent. The Papua New Guinea government will decide if Bougainville should become fully independent, and if so, when that will happen. A group of islands comprising a semi-autonomous region that is part of Papua New Guinea. PNG wants to keep control of the cash cow, but it would obviously be the centerpiece of an independent Bougainville’s economy. More than 181,000 people voted in the independence referendum in Bougainville, a group of islands. What’s that? welcome-president-xi.jpg. How the situation is handled will have major implications for regional stability, particularly as China aims to pull Bougainville as a new independent nation into its Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). Following a meeting in Port Moresby between the two Bougainville MHAs (Paul Lapun and Donatus Mola) and around 25 Bougainvilleans, a proposal was put forward in the House of Assembly to hold a referendum to decide whether the island should remain part of Papua New Guinea, join the Solomon Islands, or become independent. As Papua New Guinea became independent of Australia in 1975, Bougainvilleans began to ask whether or not Bougainville would fare better on its … However, the vote indicated such an overwhelming demand for independence that Papua New Guinea may have difficulty brushing it aside, Peake said. The short answer is no - at least not yet. Starting Nov. 23, people had … Although Bougainville has voted for independence, this outcome is not clear cut. The Autonomous Region of Bougainville is comprised of Bougainville Island and several other nearby islands in the Solomon Islands archipelago. The thing is that if Bougainville turns into an independent state then a precedent will come into existence that separatist forces can draw from who are speaking out for the Indonesian provinces of West Papua and Papua, … Australia understands very well the depth of pro-independence feeling in Bougainville. Bougainville was to become part of an independent Papua New Guinea. The Bougainville flag, which Marilyn Havini helped design, is waved at a pro-independence rally. Many factors will need to be considered -- for instance, the terms of trade, travel, and residence. They were part of the Australian-administered territories of Papua and New Guinea until 1975. Bougainville? ", Eddie Mohin has been campaigning for independence for years, and hailed the day as a victory. Updates on the world's countries and borders, Copyright © 2011-2020 Political Geography Now. What is Bougainville, and why is it seeking independence? Ce vote — qui se déroule du 23 novembre au 7 décembre — pourrait créer la plus jeune nation du monde et susciter une poussée d’influence parmi les puissances régionales. Close to 98% of the 181,000 voters chose to become independent. The process could take years, Boege says, with some Bougainville observers estimating it could be a decade before an independent Bougainville is established. As a PNG province, it blew apart over the big open-cut Panguna mine, producing copper, silver and gold. Voting information pamphlets at a polling station in the Bougainville capital Buka on November 22, 2019. That agreement promised a non-binding referendum on possible independence, which was held last year. ", When asked if the issue was now resolved, he gave an emphatic "Yes.". 18 Dec 2019 | James Batley It seems that the overwhelming outcome of the referendum on Bougainville, with over 97% of eligible voters supporting independence, surprised even seasoned observers. On September 16, 1975, Papua New Guinea (PNG) gained independence from Australia and became an independent state. Le vote découle de l'accord de paix de 2001, qui a mis fin à dix années de conflit armé sur ce territoire. Bougainville est une île de Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée, l'une des plus grandes des îles Salomon dans le sud-ouest de l'océan Pacifique. There were failed attempts at independence then, before simmering discontent erupted into a nine-year civil war that left thousands of people dead. When Papua New Guinea was granted independence in 1975, Bougainville became a province, even though there was little enthusiasm for it. The governments of PNG and Bougainville agreed to establish an independent agency, the Bougainville Referendum Commission (BRC), to conduct the referendum. STOP Bougainville independent NOW. It’s being organised by the independent Bougainville Referendum Commission, led by former Irish prime minister Bertie Ahern. Bougainville’s estimated $58 billion in remaining copper and gold reserves has caught the attention of international mining companies and world governments. Women and children wear traditional dress at a referendum polling station in Buka, Bougainville, on November 25, 2019. The Pacific provides a range of unconventional forms of intra-state relationships and hybrid constitutional arrangements. That is around the same as nearby Vanuatu and just under half that of neighbouring Solomon Islands. Newest nation after independence vote either for greater autonomy, or for independence for years, '' said... 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